Acceptance criteria for the low enriched uranium reform amendments by C. W Emeigh

Cover of: Acceptance criteria for the low enriched uranium reform amendments | C. W Emeigh

Published by Division of Safeguards, Office of Nuclear Material Safety and Safeguards, U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission in Washington, D.C .

Written in English

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Subjects:

  • Uranium,
  • Nuclear fuels -- United States,
  • Nuclear facilities -- Licenses -- United States

Edition Notes

Book details

StatementC.W. Emeigh, G.E. Gundersen, C.J. Withee
ContributionsGundersen, G. E, Withee, C. J, U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission. Office of Nuclear Material Safety and Safeguards. Division of Safeguards. Regulatory Effectiveness Section
The Physical Object
Pagination1 v. (various pagings) ;
ID Numbers
Open LibraryOL14948139M

Download Acceptance criteria for the low enriched uranium reform amendments

Get this from a library. Acceptance criteria for the low enriched uranium reform amendments. [C W Emeigh; G E Gundersen; C J Withee; U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission. Office of Nuclear Material Safety and Safeguards.

Division of Safeguards.]. Technical Report: Acceptable standard format and content for the fundamental nuclear material control (FNMC) plan required for low-enriched uranium facilities. Revision 2 Revision 2 Title: Acceptable standard format and content for the fundamental nuclear material control (FNMC) plan required for low-enriched uranium facilities.

NRC?s acceptance criteria and related information is found in the following documents: NUREG, Acceptable Standard Format and Content for Fundamental Nuclear Material Control (FNMC) Plan Required for Low-Enriched Uranium Facilities; NUREG, Standard Format and Content/Acceptance Criteria for the Material Control and Accounting Reform Amendment.

required for low-enriched uranium enrichment facilities and nureg, rev. 1, standard format and content acceptance criteria for the material control and accounting (mc&a) reform amendment()extension request with burden Acceptance criteria for the low enriched uranium reform amendments book description of the information collection.

The text of the deal states specifically that for 15 years, Iran “will keep its uranium stockpile under kg of up to percent enriched uranium hexafluoride” and that any excess. This report documents a standard format suggested by the NRC for use in preparing fundamental nuclear material control (FNMC) plans as required by the Low Enriched Uranium Reform Amendments (10CFR ).

This report also describes the necessary contents of a comprehensive plan and provides example acceptance criteria which are intended to communicate acceptable means of achieving the.

NUREG, Rev. 1, Standards Format and Content Acceptance Criteria for the material Control and Accounting (MC&A) Reform Amendment 3. NUREG, Rev. 2, Standard Format and Content for the For Low-Enriched Uranium Facilities 4.

NUREG/CR. Category I SNM – Standard Format and Content Acceptance Criteria for the Material Control and Accounting (MC&A) Reform Amendment: NUREG; Category III SNM – Acceptable Standard Format and Content for the Fundamental Nuclear Material Control Plan Required for Low-Enriched Uranium Facilities: NUREG, Rev 3.

Dodd-Frank Wall Street Reform. Plan Required for Low-Enriched Uranium Facilities” (ADAMS Accession No. ML), NUREG, “Standard Format and Content Acceptance Criteria for the Material Control and Accounting (MC&A) Reform Amendment” (ADAMS Accession No. MLA), and NUREG/CR, “Recommendations to the NRC on.

Uranium with a content of uranium up to 20% is called low enriched. Uranium with an enrichment of % is now widely used in power reactors around the world. Uranium enriched up to 20% is used in research and experimental reactors. Uranium with a content of uranium above 20% is called highly enriched or weapon.

Uranium that has an assay of U from the natural level to 20% is called low enriched uranium (LEU). Typical fresh power reactor fuel has U assays below 5%. Uranium with an assay of U equal to or more than 20% is called high enriched uranium (HEU).

Depending on the enrichment levels, enriched uranium can be fabricated into fresh fuels for. The U.S. Department of Energy's Office of Scientific and Technical Information. Technical Report: Standard format and content acceptance criteria for the Material Control and Accounting (MC and A) Reform Amendment: 10 CFR P Subpart E.

Revision 1 Title: Standard format and content acceptance criteria for the Material Control and Accounting (MC and A) Reform Amendment: 10 CFR P Subpart E. Revision 1. The Commission instituted the subject five-year review in November to determine whether revocation of the antidumping duty order on low enriched uranium from France would be likely to lead to continuation or recurrence of material injury.

NUREG, ``Acceptable Standard Format and Content for the Fundamental Nuclear Material Control (FNMC) Plan Required for Low- Enriched Uranium Facilities,'' applicable to fuel fabrication facilities using low-enriched uranium (ADAMS Accession No.

ML). A power plant requires uranium with three to four percent U (this is known as low-enriched or reactor-grade uranium), and a bomb needs uranium with a whopping 90 percent U (highly enriched.

Use of Uranium enriched to significantly less than 93% U (medium-enriched uranium [MEU], defined as approximately 35% U, or low-enriched uranium [LEU], defined as. UPDATED: Iran approved plans Sunday to build 10 industrial-scale uranium enrichment facilities, a dramatic expansion of the program in defiance of U.N.

demands it halt enrichment. It takes into account the premise that uranium production facilities can operate with minimal environmental impacts when projects employ the best practices in planning, operations, decommissioning and closure.

The analysis is based on published projections of uranium requirements. These projections cover a range from a very low. @article{osti_, title = {Standard format and content acceptance criteria for the Material Control and Accounting (MC and A) Reform Amendment: 10 CFR P Subpart E. Revision 1}, author = {}, abstractNote = {In the NRC revised the material control and accounting requirements for NRC licensees authorized to possess and use a formula quantity (i.e., 5 formula kilograms or more) of.

When the data for the production of 99 Mo using HEU (∼93% enriched) is compared with LEU (enriched), it is found that almost six times the amount of uranium must be dissolved to produce the same amount of 99 Mo in the case of the latter. The amount of dissolving solution used also increases by a factor of three to six.

Guidance for calculating the ``standard error'' of the ID is found in NUREG, ``Acceptable Standard Format and Content for the Fundamental Nuclear Material Control (FNMC) Plan Required for Low- Enriched Uranium Facilities'' (ADAMS Accession No.

ML), NUREG-``Standard Format and Content Acceptance Criteria for the Material. The NRC review criteria applicable to the safeguards sections of license applications are published in NUREG, “Standard Format and Content Acceptance Criteria for the Material Control and Accounting (MC&A) Reform Amendment: 10 CFR P Subpart E,” issued April (for high-enriched uranium facilities), and NUREG.

Criteria. Projects shall be judged against the following primary criteria: The Commission may issue a license, or grant an amendment to an existing license, for the use in the United States of highly enriched uranium as a target for medical isotope production in a nuclear reactor, only if, in addition to any other requirement of this Act.

(Sec. 6) Amends the Atomic Energy Act of to authorize the NRC to issue a license, or grant an amendment to an existing license, for use in the United States of highly enriched uranium as a target for medical isotope production in a nuclear reactor, but only if specified conditions are met, including certification by the Secretary that the.

Acceptance Criteria: The trend analysis required by §(b)(3) can be accomplished by the application of appropriate parametric or nonparametric statistical techniques.

Examples include: Page's Test, Runs Test, Dietz's Test, Power One Test, and a MOSUM Test (e.g., Picard or. An attempt to perform standardized safety analyses for RR was proposed by the International Atomic Energy Agency – IAEA (IAEA-TECDOC, ) in the framework of core conversion from the use of highly enriched uranium fuel to the use of low enriched uranium fuel.

In this regard, the facility operator would be required to submit an amendment. Enriched uranium is a type of uranium in which the percent composition of uranium (written U) has been increased through the process of isotope lly occurring uranium is composed of three major isotopes: uranium ( U with –% natural abundance), uranium ( U, –%), and uranium ( U, –%).

Regulatory Guide: “Physical Inventories and Material Balances at Fuel Cycle Facilities”, []. Uranium is the only naturally occurring fissile isotope - one that will undergo fission after absorbing a neutron with zero kinetic energy.

Naturally-occurring uranium consists of about % U and % U. Uranium with higher than natural content of U is referred to as "enriched". Dodd-Frank Wall Street Reform. NUREG, “Standard Format and Content Acceptance Criteria for the Material Control and Accounting (MC&A) Reform Amendment,” applicable to facilities using formula quantities of strategic special nuclear material (SNM).

(FNMC) Plan Required for Low-Enriched Uranium Enrichment Facilities. Dodd-Frank Wall Street Reform. NUREG, “Standard Format and Content Acceptance Criteria for the Material Control and Accounting (MC&A) Reform Amendment,” applicable to facilities using formula quantities of strategic special nuclear material (ADAMS Accession No.

ML). Plan Required for Low-Enriched Uranium Enrichment. REDUCING STOCKPILES OF EXCESS FISSILE MATERIALS. Bunn, Matthew, and John P. Holdren. "Managing Military Uranium and Plutonium in the United States and the Former Soviet Union." Annual Review of Energy and the Environment 22 (): No matter what security and monitoring measures are imposed on the huge stockpiles of excess plutonium and HEU now arising, these.

While low-enriched uranium (LEU) could technically mean uranium with an assay anywhere between slightly greater than natural ( percent) and 20 percent U, it most commonly is used to denote uranium with an assay suitable for use in a light-water nuclear. On Novem the Idaho Department of Environmental Quality (IDEQ) concurred that the material met the Idaho site's waste acceptance criteria and was acceptable for disposal.

The material contains low concentrations of enriched uranium, Tc and other radioactive isotopes associated with nuclear fuel manufacturing and reprocessing. The isotopes of uranium emit alpha, beta, neutron, and gamma radiation. The pri-mary radiation used in passive NDA of uranium samples is gamma radiation, which is usually dominated by emissions from Udecay.

However, in low-enriched uranium samples, the x radiation is the most intense component of the emission spectrum. The. The Schumer Amendment infor example, banned exports of highly enriched uranium to reactors unless a plan to convert to low-enriched uranium was in place.

That’s why another reactor in. The NRC has recently submitted to OMB for review the following proposal for the collection of information under the provisions of the Paperwork Reduction Act of (44 U.S.C.

Chapter 35). The NRC hereby informs potential respondents that an agency may not conduct or sponsor, and that a person. Given the low cost / kWh of nuclear fuel, any country can store years of fuel. Unified embargoes would have to be maintained for years to have significant bite.

Cut off oil gas or food and it has a quick impact. Uranium enrichment is the worst commodity to embargo. (b) CRITERIA FOR ACCEPTANCE OF GIFTS.— (1) IN GENERAL.—Chapter 14 of title I of the Atomic Energy Act of (42 U.S.C.

et seq.) is amended by adding at the end the following: Page PREV PAGE TOP OF DOC Segment 6 Of 7 ''SEC. CRITERIA FOR ACCEPTANCE OF GIFTS. Section (b) (10) of the United States Enrichment Corporation Privatization Act (Pub.

L. No. ) requires the President to report annually to Congress on the effect the low enriched uranium delivered under the HEU Agreement is having on the domestic uranium mining, conversion, and enrichment industries and the operation of the gaseous.The Company’s agreements for natural uranium sales are generally shorter-term, fixed-commitment contracts.

The Company’s order book of sales under contract in the low-enriched uranium (“LEU”) segment (“order book”) extends to As of Septemand Decemthe order book was $ billion.(HEU); uranium of lower enrichment is defined as Low Enriched Uranium (LEU).

The HEU actually used in modern nuclear weapons and in some nuclear reactors as fuel is mostly more than 90 percent uranium and often is called “weapon grade.” Ura-nium enriched up to about 5 percent in uranium is used as fuel in the most com.

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